The Pensacola Tragedy

14 August 1559  

On this date in 1559…

Appointed by the Spanish Viceroy in Mexico to establish Spanish settlements on the Gulf Coast, Tristan de Luna y Arellano, with several priests, 500 soldiers, and 1,000 settlers landed at Pensacola Bay with thirteen ships. Most of the expedition is dead just a few days later due to a hurricane. The survivors soon starved.


Other Years:
  • 1756 – Frontier legend Daniel Boone married Rebecca Bryan in Yadkin River, North Carolina.
  • 1842 – The Second Seminole War ended with most Seminoles forced to relocate from Florida to Oklahoma.
  • 1846 – The Cape Girardeau meteorite, a 2.3 kg chondrite-type meteorite struck near the town of Cape Girardeau, Missouri.
  • 1861 – Having seized control of the city, federal invaders declared Martial Law at St Louis, Missouri due to pro-secession sentiment which surged throughout Missouri after federal troops and German immigrants unsuccessfully attacked the Missouri State Guard at the Battle of Wilson’s Creek.
  • 1864 – Confederate General Joe Wheeler laid siege to federals at Dalton, Georgia.
  • 1936 – In the last public execution in the U.S., Rainey Bethea was hanged in Owensboro, Kentucky.
  • 1995 – Due to a federal judge’s order, Shannon Faulkner became the first woman to attend the Citadel.
  • 1997 – The Oklahoma Court of Appeals upheld the death sentence of northern terrorist Timothy McVeigh for the Oklahoma City bombing.

Read: Why Know Southern History?

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