Welcome to the sixth entry of This Week in Southern History.
1895: Booker T. Washington, a Black educator who advocated the advancement of his people through entrepreneurship and enterprise in lieu of agitation, met with Southern White leaders in Atlanta. The “Atlanta Compromise,” as it was called, consisted of Southern Whites allowing Black education to be funded from the North, and Blacks agreeing not to agitate for “civil rights.”
No matter the feasibility or lack thereof of Washington’s plan, it was never enacted. After his death in 1915, activists became more powerful among the Black population, leading to the “Civil Rights Movement” of the late 20th century.
1676: Jamestown, the primary English settlement in Virginia, was burned down by participants in “Bacon’s Rebellion.” The colonial governor, William Berkeley, was unresponsive toward the demands of the colonists for safety from Indian attacks.
Nathaniel Bacon, a prominent Virginia colonist, raised the standard of rebellion. After several months, he built up a substantial force and marched on Jamestown. The rebels, numbering around a thousand, consisted mostly of farmers and frontiersmen. Governor Berkeley fled, leaving the burnt out settlement in the hands of Bacon’s men.
Berkeley was recalled to England
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