Last month the nearly four decade dynasty of Robert Gabriel Mugabe came to an end, beginning a new era in the history of Zimbabwe. What led to its demise and what lies ahead?
A Brief Recap
As detailed earlier this year in the article “Let My People Go,” two former sovereign nations—Mashonaland and Matabeleland—were forcibly joined during the British colonial period by imperialist Cecil Rhodes, ultimately becoming the colony of Southern Rhodesia. This led to an inevitable conflict between the tribes comprising the former nations. Compounded by white colonial rule, racial strife was added to the tribal conflict. The British pitted the Shona tribes of Mashonaland against the Ndebele of Matabeleland to maintain control.
After Southern Rhodesia achieved independence as Zimbabwe, Robert Mugabe chaired the militant group Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) from 1975 to 1980. He was elected prime minister of Zimbabwe in 1980, ruling in that capacity for seven years. In 1987 he was elected president and held that office for another thirty years until his ouster.
A conflict between the Zimbabwe military and Mugabe has been simmering for some time. On November …
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(The opinions in this article are the opinions of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of Southern Nation News or SN.O.)