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(The Abbeville Institute) In my April account of the British territory of Bermuda and its intimate relationship with both the South and the Confederacy, I had omitted one important factor . . . Bermuda’s role concerning the great seal of the Confederate States of America. The unusual history of the seal was so complex that I certainly felt the story merited its own telling.
A week after the successive secession of South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas between December 20, 1860, and February 1st of the next year, a provisional Confederate government was formed in Montgomery, Alabama. As it was with the creation of the United States eight decades before, there was to be much debate by the new government in relation to such vital matters as a proper constitution, as well as a national flag and seal.
Within a month, a national flag, the seven-star “Stars and Bars,” had been adopted and a week later, the Confederate Constitution had been unanimously ratified by the seven states . . . a document, while patterned after the Constitution of the United States, was one that reestablished emphasis on state’s rights and sovereignty. It also made several major changes in the Article to establish an Executive Branch, such as a single, six-year term for the office of president and another that gave the president the power of a line-item veto. The new nation’s seal, however, was quite a different matter.
For the next two years, the Committee on…