2 March 1867
On this date in 1867…
The first of four Reconstruction Acts was enacted by the Northern-majority Congress. The Reconstruction Acts rebuilt nothing, but divided the Southern states into five military districts, required new congressionally approved state constitutions, disenfranchised Southern veterans and public servants, and forced the Southern states to ratify the 14th Amendment. U.S. President Andrew Johnson’s vetoes of these measures were overridden by Congress.
- 1793 – Tennessee Governor, general, and first Republic of Texas President, Sam Houston was born near Timber Ridge Church, VA.
- 1819 – The Territory of Arkansas was organized.
- 1833 – Congress passed the Force Bill to enable U.S. President Andrew Jackson to invade South Carolina and bring back Senator John C. Calhoun’s head.
- 1836 – Texas settlers adopted a Declaration of Independence at the Convention of 1836 at Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texas.
- 1861 – Texas was admitted to the Confederate States.
- 1861 – The U.S. Revenue Cutter Dodge was seized by Texas state troops at Galveston.
- 1867 – The James-Younger gang was blamed for the robbery of the bank in Savannah Missouri. One person was killed.
- 1877 – Republican Rutherford B. Hayes was declared the winner of the 1876 presidential election over Democrat Samuel J. Tilden, even though Tilden won the popular vote.
- 1989 – The Navajo Code Talker Monument was erected in Window Rock, Arizona.
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