1 December 1955
On this date in 1955…
Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat at the front of the “colored section” of a bus in Montgomery, Alabama. In response to her arrest, the black community launched a bus boycott that lasted over a year until the buses were desegregated on 21 December 1956.
- 1805 – The U.S. invited 6 Creek Chiefs to Washington to renegotiate the flint River Treaty of 1804. The U.S. agreed to pay the Creek $206,000 for two million acres. The Creek agreed to allowing a road through their land.
- 1831 – Peter Pitchlynn and 400 other Choctaw board the steamer Brandywine in Memphis to transport them up to Arkansas Post.
- 1861 – Troops fought skirmishes at Camp Goggin and Whippoorwill Creek, Kentucky
- 1884 – Near Frisco, New Mexico, deputy sheriff Elfego Baca held off a gang of 80 Texan cowboys who want to kill him for arresting Charles McCarthy.
- 1969 – The U.S. government held its first draft lottery since World War II, again drafting Southerners at a higher rate than the rest of the country.
- 1974 – A Boeing 727 crashed in Upperville, VA killing 92 passengers.
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