16 July 1585
On this date in 1585…
Roanoke colonists led by Governor Ralph Lane burned and destroyedthe corn crops of the Algonquin village of Aquascogoc in present-day Hyde County North Carolina when the Indians refused to return a silver cup stolen on the previous days visit.
- 1790 – The U.S. Congress declared the city of Washington in the District of Columbia to be the permanent capital of the United States.
- 1894 – Several black strike-breakers hired by a mining company were killed in a fight with striking white miners in Alabama.
- 1935 – Oklahoma City became the first city in the U.S. to install parking meters.
- 1945 – The first detonation of an atomic bomb occurred in a test at the Trinity Site outside Alamogordo, New Mexico as part of the Manhattan Project.
- 1967 – A prison riot set fire to a prison barracks in Jay, Florida, killing 37 people.
- 1969 – Apollo 11 blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Florida and began the first manned mission to land on the moon.
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