The Stampede at First Manassas – Today In Southern History

21 July 1861  

On this date in 1861…

Confederate troops routed the invading federal army at the First Battle of Manassas, Virginia. The federal hopes for a quick and decisive defeat of Confederate troops ended in an embarrassing stampede back to Washington D.C. that left a trail of discarded guns and equipment all the way.

Other Years:
  • 1865 – Bill Hickok killed Confederate veteran Dave Tutt in the first recorded showdown of the Wild-West era across the public square in Springfield, Missouri.
  • 1873 – The James–Younger Gang was blamed for the first successful train robbery at Adair, Iowa.
  • 1925 – In Dayton, Tennessee, John T. Scopes was convicted and fined $100 for violating the state prohibition on teaching Darwin’s theory of evolution.
  • 1957 – Althea Gibson of Clarendon County, South Carolina became the first black woman to win a major U.S. tennis title, the Women’s National clay-court singles competition. 
  • 2002 – WorldCom Inc. (MCI) headquartered in Ashburn, Virginia filed for what at the time it was the largest bankruptcy in U.S. history.
  • 2011 – Space Shuttle Atlantis landed at Kennedy Space Center in Florida, ending NASA’s space shuttle program.

Read: Why Know Southern History?

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